photo © Len Endy

Cool facts

  • Migrating flocks of European Starlings consisting of 100,000 birds are not uncommon.
  • They nest in cavities (holes in trees, buildings, and nest boxes) and will aggressively destroy eggs and kill nestlings of native birds (like bluebirds and woodpeckers) to use their cavities.


Quiet series of rattles and whistled notes; imitates the sounds of other animals including humans.
To listen to the songs of this species check out the ‘How to Identify’ section of its Focal Species page.


Cities, towns, suburbs, and farmland.


Berries, insects and other invertebrates, fruits, grains, seeds, and garbage.

Did you know?

The European Starling is not native to North America. In 1890-1892, a group that wanted to introduce all birds mentioned in Shakespeare’s writings to North America released about 100 starlings in New York City’s Central Park. There are now more than 200 million starlings across most of the continent.