What’s the difference between a song and a call?

Calls are much shorter, vocalizations that are instinctive and don’t need to be learned. These are used in very specific contexts; some examples are alarm calls, contact calls, and flight calls. You can hear one of the American Robin’s calls here . Songs are more complex vocalizations that often must be learned, found in oscine passerines, also known as songbirds. You can hear the American Robin’s song here.

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