A strikingly colorful bird, the Broad-billed Hummingbird reaches the northern limit of its range in southeastern Arizona. Broad-billed Hummingbirds that nest in Arizona are migratory; populations in Mexico are resident year-round in their breeding range.
Arid scrub, open deciduous forest, semi-desert and other open situations in arid habitats.
It feeds on nectar by hovering at flowers, and insects by hawking in mid-air
It occurs from the southwestern United States, where birds are summer visitors, south through western Mexico to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec. Its breeding is timed to coincide with the peak flowering season in a given area.
The female builds a nest in a protected location in a shrub or tree. Females lay two white eggs.
© Curtis Marantz | Macaulay Library
Small hummingbird. Broad, notched tail. Long, red bill with dark tip. Green back. Male with blue throat and green chest. Female with white line over eye, dark ear-patch, and gray underparts.
Juvenile resembles adult female, with buffy fringes on feathers of upperparts.
Did you know?!
- Like other hummingbirds, the Broad-billed Hummingbird probably consumes about 1.6 to 1.7 times its body weight in nectar each day.
- The male Broad-billed Hummingbird performs a courtship display, starting by hovering about a foot from the female and then flying in repeated arcs, like a pendulum.